Crypto is still a new concept, and while winning digital assets is fun, you first have to learn how the industry works. Whether you’re a newcomer to cryptocurrencies or looking for a refresher, understanding key cryptocurrency terms is essential for having a positive crypto journey.
By familiarizing yourself with crypto terms, you’ll feel more comfortable navigating the world of cryptocurrencies and communicating with others in the field. To help you survive and thrive in this space, here are some of must-know cryptocurrency terms that will enrich your vocabulary and enhance your comprehension of the subject.
Table of contents
- Atomic Swap
- Application-Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC)
- Block Height
- Buy Wall
- Circulating Supply
- Double Spending
- Eclipse Attack
- Falling Knife
- Forced Liquidation
- Gas Limit
- Hard Cap
- Hashed TimeLock Contract (HTLC)
- Merged Mining
- Mining Farm
- Orphan Block
- Paper Wallet
- Pegged Currency
- Private Sale
- Race Attack
- Routing Attack
- Security Token
- Sell Wall
- Store of Value
- Token Lockup
- Token Sale
- Total Supply
- Transaction ID (TXID)
- Utility Token
The distribution of cryptocurrency tokens to the wallets of users. Airdrops are usually organized by blockchain-based startups, and they reward users with tokens in exchange for publicity (usually in the form of social media interaction).
A smart contract technology that helps a user exchange one cryptocurrency for another, without using an exchange.
Application-Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC)
A circuit created with a specific purpose. In the case of cryptocurrencies, that purpose is mining.
The number of total blocks in a blockchain.
Is a concept that describes the situation when a wealthy trader or group (commonly known as whales) performs a huge buy order or multiple large buy orders at the same price. This action is done in order to control the market and set the buying price of a currency at a desired value.
The total number of a specific cryptocurrency that is publicly available at the moment.
The process of transforming encrypted data back into a readable format.
The act of spending a coin more than once. This is usually caused by a 51% attack.
When the majority of a network’s users are malicious and monopolize the network in order to abuse it for their own benefit.
The action of purchasing an asset while its value is declining, with hopes that the price will rise after a while.
The assurance of guarantee that completed (cryptocurrency) transactions cannot be altered, reversed or canceled.
The event when Litecoin (LTC) surpassed Bitcoin Cash (BCH) in market cap.
The event when/if Ethereum (ETH) will surpass Bitcoin (BTC) in market cap.
The involuntary sale of assets or securities to create liquidity.
The maximum amount of gas a user is willing to spend on a particular transaction.
When the block reward of a crypto asset, such as Bitcoin, drops to one-half of what it was before; this is used to create a decaying rate of insurance to arrive at an eventual finite supply of a crypto asset.
The maximum amount of funds a project aims to raise during their funding campaign (ICO/IEO/STO).
Hashed TimeLock Contract (HTLC)
Refers to a special feature that is used to create smart contracts that are able to modify payment channels.
The blockchain where the transactions are being made, verified, and recorded. The main network.
A PC wallet or crypto coin node that is used as a Proof-of-Service algorithm to protect a real-time copy of the blockchain.
The process of allowing two different cryptocurrencies to be mined simultaneously.
A group of miners housed in a single location, dedicated to mining cryptocurrencies.
A technology used by certain wallets that require more than one party to authorize a transaction.
A transaction that is recorded and validated off the blockchain.
An orphan or detached block is a valid block that is not part of the main chain. Orphan blocks usually happen when two miners produce a block at similar times.
A piece of paper which acts as a wallet, holding the public and private keys of a user.
Also referred to as a stablecoin, a pegged currency is a currency that has a value fixed to a designated asset. For example, 1 stablecoin = 1 USD.
An early investment stage targeted only to strategic partners and investors.
The attempt to make two transactions using the same funds at the same time.
A malicious attack on ISP (Internet Service Provider) level that affects a user’s activity on the internet.
Crypto token that passes that usually derives its value from a tradable asset. The security Tokens are subjected to federal securities and regulations.
Is a concept that describes the situation when a wealthy trader or group (commonly known as whales) performs a huge sell order or multiple large sell orders at a specific price. This action is done in order to control the market and prevent sell orders from executing at a higher price than the desired value.
Store of Value
A commodity, currency, or asset with low volatility that can be traded at a future date without depreciation.
The process of transferring money from a paper wallet to a software wallet.
Setting a time period in which the tokens or coins are not allowed to be sold or transferred, in order to prevent a drastic fall of the token price which happens shortly afterward the crowdsale.
A means of fundraising for crypto-currency projects by the trading a token for cryptocurrency, before it reaches the final stage and goes on the mainnet.
The total amount of tokens or coins that are either circulating or being locked.
Transaction ID (TXID)
Transaction identification code used for determining transactions in the blockchain. It’s also referred as transaction hash.
Digital token issued to fund the development of a cryptocurrency and that can be later used to purchase a good or service offered by the issuer.